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microcontroller (MCU, µC) is a programmable small computer on a single integrated circuit. It has a processor, Flash or EEPROM program and data memory, RAM memory, input/outputs and periphals like I²C. Microcontrollers are designed for embedded applications, in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers. They are useful because they combine almost everything a developer needs to control his/her project in one package.

The most popular microcontroller families are:

  • Atmel AVR family (containing ATtiny, ATmega and ATxmega subfamilies)
  • Microchip PIC
  • ARM-based microcontrollers

Somewhat less popular, but with thriving development communities, are these microcontroller families:

This page is an Article on bildr. Articles are pages that define or explain a concept, method, or generic item.

NOTE: All information contained within this article is pure opinion. Although this article is intended to help people, it may contain faulty or misleading information. This article is not to be considered professional opinion or advice, and is in no way a replacement for reading all safety/instructional documentation. Always remember to protect yourself when handling/using hazardous materials, as well as test new techniques before using them on projects/work intended to be handed in or used.

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